- Safeguard measures
- Nuts and dried fruit from certain countries outside the EU
- Curry leaves from India
- Almonds from the United States and wheat-wheat flour from Canada
- Import control of certain products of non-animal origin in accordance with EC-regulation 669-2009
- Increased level of controls on imports of rice and rice products from China
- Betel leaves and sesame seeds from India
- Guar gum from India
- Import control of feed or food originating in or consigned from Japan following the accident at tht Fukushima nuclear power station
- Import control of mushrooms
Safeguard measures are often directed at a specific country, and specific products from that country, and involve import restrictions to the EU or in the trade between member states.
Below is a list of safeguard measures for food that is required to undergo border control before being imported into the EU.
Food consignments required to undergo border control must be prenotified to a Swedish Designated Point of Entry operated by the National Food Agency.
Border control is carried out at the following Designated Points of Entry: Port of Stockholm, Port of Göteborg, Port of Helsingborg, Port of Södertälje, Arlanda Airport and Landvetter Airport.
List of safeguard measures
The following products, mainly nuts and dried fruit, or mixtures containing these products, require sampling for aflatoxins. Consignments may only be imported through Designated Points of Entry. Consignments must be accompanied by sampling and analysis results as well as an aflatoxin health certificate. Sampling for aflatoxin analysis is carried out at the Designated Point of Entry. Consignments of compound foods containing more than 20% of the foods covered by the Regulation must undergo border control. See Article 1 point 2 of the Regulation. Consignments weighing no more than 20 kg of the foods covered by the Regulation are exempt from border control. See Article 1 point 3 of the Regulation.
The control of pesticide residue in curry leaves from India is covered by Regulation (EU) 885/2014.
Consignments must be prenotified through a CED and accompanied by a health certificate, in accordance with Annex II, as well as by the results of the sampling and analysis performed by the competent authorities of the country of origin.
Regulation (EU) 2015/949 covers consignments of almonds from the United States or wheat/wheat flour from Canada, consigned from the United States or Canada after 10 July 2015.
The EU has approved the United States’ pre-export checks regarding aflatoxin in almonds. The EU has also approved pre-export checks regarding ochratoxin A in wheat/wheat flour from Canada. Consequently, the official control of aflatoxin/ochratoxin A must be carried out in the United States/Canada instead of after arrival in the EU. In order for the pre-export checks to be valid, the consignments must be accompanied by the results of sampling and analysis as well as a certificate in accordance with the model set out in Annex II of the Regulation. Each consignment must bear an identification code to be found both on the abovementioned documents and on the packaging.
Documents accompanying consignments of the concerned products must be checked by the competent authority prior to dispatch. Random sampling is performed on less than 1% of the consignments, provided that the pre-export checks in the dispatch country comply with the regulation. If sampling has not been carried out in the dispatch country, sampling will be performed on 20% of the consignment after arrival. The National Food Agency will forward information about arriving consignments from the Swedish Customs to the concerned authorities.
Certain products of non-animal origin must undergo border control when imported from certain countries outside the EU. Due to regular updates it varies which products require border control.
Due to continued problems with unauthorised genetically modified rice, the level of control on rice and rice products from China has been increased. All consignments must be accompanied by a health certificate and an analytical report in accordance with the templates found in the Decision. Consignments not accompanied by these documents will be re-dispatched to the country of origin or destroyed.
The analytical report must show that there is no genetically modified rice in the product. The analysis must be carried out in an accredited laboratory in accordance with one of the methods described in the Decision. If the analytical report has been issued by an accredited Chinese laboratory, the report must be approved by the competent authorities in China.
In Annex I, the concerned products are specified. The list follows the so called CN-codes (combined nomenclature). There may be products included in the specified CN-codes that do not contain rice. In these cases, the analytical report can be replaced by a declaration from the food business operator responsible for the consignment confirming that it does not contain rice. Products that do not contain rice do not need to be prenotified to a Designated Point of Entry. In accordance with the Decision, the declaration needs to be available for control by the concerned authorities.
Consignments of concerned products containing rice must be prenotified to one of the Swedish Designated Points of Entry operated by the National Food Agency.
The Swedish Customs will block all consignments originating from China that are covered by the Decision. The documents will then be checked at the Designated Point of Entry and all consignments containing rice will be sampled. When border control has been completed and no genetically modified rice has been detected, the consignment will be released for free circulation. Please note that all costs resulting from sampling and analysis will be invoiced to the importer.
The Regulation states that betel leaves and sesame seeds from India must be checked for salmonella. Prior notification must be done through a CED and the consignments must be accompanied by a health certificate in accordance with Annex III as well as by the results from sampling and analysis carried out by the competent authorities in the country of origin. Each consignment must bear an identification code to be found both on the abovementioned documents and on the packaging. Border control will carry out identity checks and physical checks with random sampling performed on 20% of consignments of sesame seeds and on 10% of consignments of betel leaves.
Guar gum originating from or consigned from India, as well as each consignment of feed or food containing at least 20% guar gum, must be accompanied by a health certificate in accordance with the established template signed by the competent Indian authorities as well as by an analytical report issued by an accredited laboratory. The product cannot contain more than 0,01 mg/kg pentachlorophenol.
The member states will carry out identity checks and physical checks (including sampling and analysis for pentachlorophenol) on at least 5 % of the consignments. Consignments of covered products must be prenotified to one of the Swedish Designated Points of Entry operated by the National Food Agency.
The member states will also carry out random physical checks, including sampling and analysis for pentachlorophenol, on guar gum consigned from other countries than India. This sampling will be carried out at a Designated Point of Entry or by a local control authority.
Import control of feed or food originating in or consigned from Japan following the accident at the Fukushima nuclear power station
Food originating from or consigned from Japan listed in Annex II of Regulation (EU) 2016/6 must undergo border control. The consignment must be accompanied by a declaration from the competent authority in Japan, see template in Annex III.
For different regions in Japan, foods are listed with specified CN-codes in Annex II. If a food with a CN-code mentioned in Annex II also originates from the region mentioned, an analytical report on radioactivity needs to accompany the consignment as well.
Compound foods containing more than 50 % of the foods mentioned in Annex II must undergo border control, i e the consignment must be accompanied by a declaration, see template in Annex III. If any of the components are specifically listed in a region, the consignments must be accompanied by an analytical report on radioactivity as well as a declaration.
Please note that the compound foods containing more than 50% of the foods listed in Annex II have different CN-codes than the ones listed in a-e.
If it is not known which region of Japan the food originates from, the consignment must be accompanied by an analytical report on radioactivity as well as a declaration, see Article 5.2e.
Examples of foods listed in Annex II requiring border control:
Mushrooms, fish and fishery products, soybeans (Japanese), persimmon, butterbur or fuki, Aralia spp., bamboo shoot, bracken, Japanese royal fern, ostrich fern and koshiabura.
For animal products regular requirements for prior notification and border control apply. Read more about animal products on the left.
There are conditions governing imports of non-cultivated mushrooms originating from the following countries:
Mushrooms, fresh or chilled, other than cultivated mushrooms
0710 80 69
Mushrooms (uncooked or cooked by steaming or boiling in water), frozen, other than cultivated mushrooms
0711 59 00
Mushrooms provisionally preserved (for example, by sulphur dioxide gas, in brine, in sulphur water or in other preservative solutions), but unsuitable in that state for immediate consumption, other than cultivated mushrooms
0712 39 00
Dried mushrooms, whole, cut, sliced, broken or in powder, but not further prepared, other than cultivated mushrooms
2001 90 50
Mushrooms prepared or preserved by vinegar or acetic acid other than cultivated mushrooms
2003 90 00
Mushrooms, prepared or preserved otherwise than by vinegar or acetic acid, other than cultivated mushrooms
The maximum permitted level for radioactive contamination of mushrooms is 600 Bq/kg.
The importer must fill out a prior notification form for each consignment. The importer must also submit an export licence from the country of dispatch to the Swedish Designated Point of Entry.
At the border control, the export licence accompanying the consignment will be checked.
Each consignment containing more than 10 kg of fresh products, or the equivalent amount of prepared products, will be subjected to random sampling and analysis.
If the maximum permitted level is exceeded, the product will be destroyed or re-dispatched to the country of origin.
All costs resulting from random sampling, analysis, destruction or re-dispatch will be invoiced to the importer.
The official controls are provided in Regulation (EC) 733/2008. Detailed rules for the application of this Regulation are provided in Regulation (EC)1635/2006.