Safeguard measures are often directed at a specific country, and specific products from that country, and involve import restrictions to the EU or in the trade between member states.
Below is a list of safeguard measures for food that is required to undergo border control before being imported into the EU.
Food consignments required to undergo border control must be pre notified to a Border Control Post (BCP) operated by the Swedish Food Agency.
Sprouts and seeds for sprouting from all countries outside EU have to be
pre notified to a Border Control Post in the TRACES.NT-system on a CHED-D (Common Health Entry Document), after the 14th of december 2019.
TRACES.NT (Trade Control and Expert System New Technology) is a webbased system, that all Border Control Posts of EU use for the handling of
consignments of food that have to be border controlled. Read more about the pre notification of consignments of non-animal products at the website of the Swedish Food Agency.
Every consignment has to be accompanied by a health certificate according to the model in part XV in annex III in regulation (EU) 2019/628. The sprouts shall originate from approved establishments, according to regulation (EU) 2019/625. Documentary check is performed on every consignment. Riskbased identity and physical check is performed in the border control.
Consignments of food that have to be border controlled have to be pre notified to the Border Control Post, where the consignment will be imported to the union.
The border control is performed at the Border Control Posts of the port of Gothenburg, Stockholm, Helsingborg and Södertälje as well as the airport of Arlanda and Landvetter.
In regulation (EU) 2019/1793 most products of non-animal origin are listed, that have to be border controlled.
In annex I you find certain products of non-animal origin from certain countries outside EU, that are subject to a temporary increase of official controls at their entry into the Union. These consignments have to be pre notified on CHED-D (Common Health Entry Document) in TRACES.NT and shall be accompanied by a commercial document, such as a packing list or transport documentation. The legal support is article 47.1.d for temporary increase of official controls in the official control regulation (EU) 2017/625.
In annex II, table 1in regulation (EU) 2019/1793 is the list of certain products of non-animal origin from certain countries outside EU, that have to be pre notified on CHED-D (Common Health Entry Document) in TRACES.NT and have to be accompanied by a health certificate and an analytical report. The legal support is article 47.1 e for safeguard measures in the offocial control regulation (EU) 2017/625 and article 53.1 in regulation (EG) 178/2002.
Health certificates issued before the 14th of february 2020 according to the regulations 884/2014, 2018/1660, 2017/186, 2015/175 for food listed in annex II in regulation 2019/1793, are accepted by the border control until the 13th of june 2020.
Regulation (EU) 2015/949 covers consignments of almonds from the United States or wheat/wheat flour from Canada, consigned from the United States or Canada after 10 July 2015.
The EU has approved the United States' pre-export checks regarding aflatoxin in almonds. The EU has also approved pre-export checks regarding ochratoxin A in wheat/wheat flour from Canada. Consequently, the official control of aflatoxin/ochratoxin A must be carried out in the United States/Canada instead of after arrival in the EU. In order for the pre-export checks to be valid, the consignments must be accompanied by the results of sampling and analysis as well as a certificate in accordance with the model set out in Annex II of the Regulation. Each consignment must bear an identification code to be found both on the abovementioned documents and on the packaging.
Documents accompanying consignments of the concerned products must be checked by the competent authority prior to dispatch. Random sampling is performed on less than 1% of the consignments, provided that the pre-export checks in the dispatch country comply with the regulation. If sampling has not been carried out in the dispatch country, sampling will be performed on 20% of the consignment after arrival. The National Food Agency will forward information about arriving consignments from the Swedish Customs to the concerned authorities.
Due to continued problems with unauthorised genetically modified rice, the level of control on rice and rice products from China has been increased. All consignments must be accompanied by a health certificate and an analytical report in accordance with the templates found in the Decision. Consignments not accompanied by these documents will be re-dispatched to the country of origin or destroyed.
The analytical report must show that there is no genetically modified rice in the product. The analysis must be carried out in an accredited laboratory in accordance with one of the methods described in the Decision. If the analytical report has been issued by an accredited Chinese laboratory, the report must be approved by the competent authorities in China.
In Annex I, the concerned products are specified. The list follows the so called CN-codes (combined nomenclature). There may be products included in the specified CN-codes that do not contain rice. In these cases, the analytical report can be replaced by a declaration from the food business operator responsible for the consignment confirming that it does not contain rice. Products that do not contain rice do not need to be prenotified to a Designated Point of Entry. In accordance with the Decision, the declaration needs to be available for control by the concerned authorities.
Consignments of concerned products containing rice must be prenotified to one of the Swedish Designated Points of Entry operated by the National Food Agency.
The Swedish Customs will block all consignments originating from China that are covered by the Decision. The documents will then be checked at the Designated Point of Entry and all consignments containing rice will be sampled. When border control has been completed and no genetically modified rice has been detected, the consignment will be released for free circulation. Please note that all costs resulting from sampling and analysis will be invoiced to the importer.
Import control of feed or food originating in or consigned from Japan following the accident at the Fukushima nuclear power station
Food originating from or consigned from Japan listed in Annex II of Regulation (EU) 2016/6 must undergo border control. The consignment must be accompanied by a declaration from the competent authority in Japan, see template in Annex III.
For different regions in Japan, foods are listed with specified CN-codes in Annex II. If a food with a CN-code mentioned in Annex II also originates from the region mentioned, an analytical report on radioactivity needs to accompany the consignment as well.
Compound foods containing more than 50 % of the foods mentioned in Annex II must undergo border control, i e the consignment must be accompanied by a declaration, see template in Annex III. If any of the components are specifically listed in a region, the consignments must be accompanied by an analytical report on radioactivity as well as a declaration.
Please note that the compound foods containing more than 50% of the foods listed in Annex II have different CN-codes than the ones listed in a-e.
If it is not known which region of Japan the food originates from, the consignment must be accompanied by an analytical report on radioactivity as well as a declaration, see Article 5.2e.
Examples of foods listed in Annex II requiring border control:
Mushrooms, fish and fishery products, soybeans (Japanese), persimmon, butterbur or fuki, Aralia spp., bamboo shoot, bracken, Japanese royal fern, ostrich fern and koshiabura.
For animal products regular requirements for prior notification and border control apply. Read more about animal products on the left.
Following the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station, mushrooms and berries originating from some countries outside of EU are subject to border control. This is regulated in Regulation (EU) 2020/1158.
In annex I of the regulation the concerned countries outside of EU are listed.
In annex II of the regulation you find the concerned products, specified with CN-numbers. Concerned products are mushrooms (except cultivated mushrooms) and wild cranberries, bilberries and other fruits and derived products of the genus Vaccinium.
These consignments should be pre-notified to the border control post on CHEDD in the system TRACES.NT.
The consignment shall be accompanied by a health certificate according to the model laid down in Annex III of the regulation. Every consignment shall be identified with a consignment code, that must be found on the health certificate and on CHEDD. The consignment shall also be accompanied by a laboratory report concerning radioactive contamination in terms of caesium-137. The border control shall perform identity checks and physical checks, including a laboratory analysis on the presence of caesium-137, with a frequency of 20%.
Consignments of the products with a gross weight below 10 kg of fresh product or 2 kg of dry product are exempted from border control, provided that the consignment shall be imported as a trade sample, laboratory sample/item for exhibitions, for personal use or intended for scientific purposes.