Food and environment

Each year, every Swede consumes around 800 kg of food and drink. About a quarter of the greenhouse gas emissions that Swedish consumption causes comes from what we eat. But food also affects the environment in other ways besides the climate.

Some of the food choices may have a substantial effect:

  • Eat less meat, choose plant food instead. Try to exchange one or two meals of beef, lamb, pork or chicken every week with vegetarian meals, or eat smaller portions of meat.
  • Choose fish from sustainable stocks or farmed in a sustainable way, for example certified fish.
  • Choose fruits and vegetables that store well, for example field vegetables, and choose sensitive fruits and vegetables after season.
  • Eat less sweets, cakes, cookies and snacks – they have an impact on the environment but their nutritional contribution is low.
  • Minimize food waste – store food properly, plan your purchases and use the leftovers!
  • Learn more about eco-smart food choices and how to minimize food waste on the heading to the left.
En grupp vita kycklingar går omrking
Beef, lamb, pork and chicken

Cut down on meat - and choose the meat you do eat with care!

Familj som äter mat vid köksbordet
Plan wisely and use leftovers

One simple way of improving the environment is to cut back on the amount of food you waste.

En man läser märkningen på en förpackning
Best before and use by dates

All packaged food is to be labelled with a best-before date – or a use-by date in certain cases. Fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as a few other items, are exempt from the requirement.

Reviewed 2018-10-08